Canada's poultry import regime
- Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs)
- Tariffs on imports
- Global Affairs Canada information on Supply-managed tariff rate quotas (TRQs)
- Other requirements (sanitary, etc.)
Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs)
Canada's poultry and eggs industry operates under an orderly marketing system which is designed to match the supply with the demand. An effective supply management system requires the ability to determine supply from all sources, domestic as well as international.
Canada is a signatory of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture which was concluded in December 1993 and came into effect on January 1, 1995. Following this agreement, Canada is obliged to convert its existing agricultural quantitative import controls to a system of TRQs.
TRQs determine the quantity and the tariff at which a specific agricultural product is imported into a country. U.S.-specific TRQs were established under the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) for chicken and eggs in addition to the global WTO TRQs for these products. Canada's global market access level for turkey and for broiler hatching eggs and chicks is the greater of its commitment under the WTO or under the CUSMA. In addition, the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) provides TRQs specific to CPTPP member countries.The following table presents Canada's access commitments and 2020 TRQ levels under the WTO, CUSMA, and CPTPP for the four categories of poultry and egg products that are subject to TRQs in Canada:
|Hatching eggs & chicks||13,758,602 dozen eggs equivalent ||500,000 dozen eggs equivalent|
|Chicken||39,843,000 kg eviscerated ||23,500,000 kg eviscerated||11,750,000 kg eviscerated|
|Turkey||5,765,334 kg eviscerated ||1,750,000 kg eviscerated|
|Eggs & egg products||21,370,000 dozen eggs equivalent||833,334 dozen eggs equivalent||8,350,000 dozen eggs equivalent|
|Source: Global Affairs Canada
Compiled by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Animal Industry Division, Market Information Section.
 7,949,000 dozen eggs equivalent or 21.1% of anticipated current year's production, whichever is greater.
 In 2020, an additional 28,575,220 kg eviscerated were allocated in the global TRQ in conformity with NAFTA commitments effective between January 1 and June 30, 2020.
 5,588,000 kg eviscerated or 3.5% of previous year's production, whichever is greater.
Tariffs on imports
Under the Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs), imports are subject to low "within access commitment" rates of duty up to a predetermined limit (i.e. until the import access quantity has been reached), while imports over this limit are subject to significantly higher "over access commitment" rates of duty. The Canada Border Services Agency is responsible for tariff administration.
Global Affairs Canada information on Supply-managed tariff rate quotas (TRQs)
Global Affairs Canada has the authority to allocate TRQs to importers. For most products, the privilege to import at the "within access commitment" rates of duty is allocated to firms through the issuance of import allocations or quota-shares. Those with quota-shares will, upon application, receive specific import permits giving access to the "within access commitment" rates of duty as long as they meet the terms and conditions of permit issuance. These conditions, along with other information on TRQs, such as quota holders list and utilization data, are available on Global Affairs Canada's website - Supply-managed tariff rate quotas (TRQs)
Other requirements (sanitary, etc.)
Depending on the product imported, its country of origin and its end-use, the import can be subject to other regulations and policies, notably with regards to food safety. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency Automated Import Reference System provides accurate and timely information on import requirements. The application uses a question and answer approach to guide the user through a series of questions about the Harmonized System Codes, origin, destination, end use and miscellaneous qualifiers of the product they wish to import.
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